Considering the fact humans are always in a quest to satisfy their daily wants, they get involved in trading activities daily. This is a predominant activity that has been since the prehistoric era as human engaged in trading a commodity for another one.
Though the trade carried out by the humans then were not always fair, participated in it as there was no other means of exchange. Over the years, this trade which is commonly referred to as trade by batter stopped with the invention of money as a medium of paying for goods and services.
With the newly found trading system that involves the use of money, trading activities improved as value can be placed on goods and services. Therefore, a degree of fairness in trade was established since commodities, assets are no longer being exchange for another.
Trading which involves the buying and selling transaction between a seller and a buyer is of different types. Depending on the choice of a trade, trading takes different forms; day trading, position trading, momentum trading, swing trading, and scalping.
1. Day trading: this is an intraday trading technique that involves the purchase, and sale of financial instruments, goods within a day before night fall. It involves the ability to leverage on finance and taking advantage of rapid returns from sales before night falls to avoid changes in price. Day trading is commonly practiced as it has the probability of offering high profit returns though it can also generate huge financial losses. Goods and commodities are often gotten with the assurance of making payments daily.
2. Momentum trading: it involves predicting the trends in the price of an asset, commodity based on the driving forces to benefit from hike in prices. The strength of the price trends of a commodity encourage traders to purchase goods in bulk when a price is low and make sales when prices go high.
3. Scalping: this is an intraday trading style that involves taking small profits by taking advantage of a small increase in price of a commodity. The scalping trader compounds profits by making sales repeatedly to earn small profits.
4. Swing trading: this type of trading involves the hoarding or holding of an asset for a short period to benefit from price changes within the period. Swing traders deal on commodities or assets with short price momentum to incur losses.
5. Position trading: this is a long-term trading style whereby emphasis is laid on the performance of an asset on a long-term. Position traders are not swayed by the temporary or short change in the price of an asset, but study the trend over a long period to take an advantageous position for sale. Therefore, position traders earn profits by investing on assets whose trend in prices continue over a long period.
Considering various all the trading style, the day trading is the easiest type of trading as it require little or no cash to start up. Therefore, to start a day trading with fifty dollars, certain day trading strategies should be considered.
1.leveraging:this is process whereby a day trader borrows fund in bid to profit from the sale of purchased goods daily. This presents an opportunity of compounding profits from a trade without the performance being affected.
2. Short selling: this involves the borrowing of an asset, stock for sale purposes when there is a hike in price. The day trader looks for a perfect time to purchase the borrowed asset when the cost depreciate to make a return to the actual asset owner. The change in price is where profits are generated by the day trader using this trading strategy.
3. Contrarian investing: this is a strategy that involves the purchase of commodities that experience a price drop with the expectation of a price hike and vice versa. When day traders understand how profit generation works, they take an advantageous position, and even go as far as taking loans.
4. Playing the spread: this type of day trading strategy involves playing the safe game. Stocks or commodities are purchased at a bidding price and sold out for an asking price generates a reasonable profit.
In the trading world, traders, firms, and financial institutions such as banks, hedge funds etc. are in constant search for a quantitative analyst. This is because even the adoption of a trading strategy, trends in market price often become complicated and cannot be analyzed. Basically, a quant is a quantitative analyst that buys and sells financial securities based on the analysis of a mathematical model. The analysis of the model is what a quant uses to identify an opportunity to trade to maximize profit.
Model formulation carried out by a quant is based on the studies carried out on a trend in price of a particular security to predict a favorable entrance into the market.
Quants generally are good in the use of numbers, computers and can be mistaken for data analyst. Therefore, the sole aim of requiring a quant’s service is to help analyze and simplify complicated price trends, charts in the market. The hedge funds is the only financial institution that employ the services of a quantitative analyst in the design of a software for sales of its stocks. This software developed often depicts the trend of market prices using numbers, charts etc. Therefore, a quantitative analyst play a crucial role in the exchange activities of a hedge funds.